Technical vs. Biological Electromagnetic Radiation: Exploring the Distinctions

Tech vs. Biology: Decoding Electromagnetic Radiation & Biophoton Emission Secrets
Electromagnetic world cover

Illustration "EMF Worlds" by Leonardo AI

Introduction to Electromagnetic Radiation in the Modern World

In the modern world, we are constantly surrounded by electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from various sources, including technical devices like smartphones, computers, Wi-Fi routers, and natural sources like the sun, earth, and even our bodies. While both types of EMR share some similarities, significant differences exist in their properties, effects, and implications for human health. This article aims to explore these distinctions and delve into some influential research in this field, including the study of biophoton emission from biological tissues and the work of researchers like Fritz-Albert Popp and Dr. Andrew Marino.

Understanding Technical and Biological EMR: Definitions and Sources

Before delving into the differences between technical and biological EMR, it is crucial to understand the basics of electromagnetic radiation. EMR consists of waves of electric and magnetic energy moving together through space. These waves vary in frequency and wavelength, creating a spectrum that includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. The energy carried by EMR is called photons, and the higher the frequency of the wave, the more energy each photon has.

Technical EMR refers to the electromagnetic radiation produced by human-made devices and technologies. Examples include radiofrequency (RF) radiation from wireless communication devices, extremely low-frequency (ELF) radiation from power lines and electrical appliances and ionizing radiation from medical imaging equipment. Technical EMR is typically created intentionally for specific purposes, such as transmitting information or producing images, and its properties are generally well-defined and controlled.

On the other hand, biological EMR refers to the electromagnetic radiation naturally produced by living organisms, including humans, animals, and plants. This can occur through various processes, such as biochemical reactions, metabolic processes, and even the movement of charged particles within cells. Biological EMR is typically weaker in intensity than technical EMR and can be more challenging to measure and study due to its complex and dynamic nature.

Over the years, various researchers have made significant contributions to understanding electromagnetic radiation in the context of biology and technology. Some of these researchers have focused on the potential effects of EMR on living organisms, while others have worked to develop technologies and applications that harness the power of EMR. An essential aspect of this research is the collaboration between scientists from various disciplines, such as physics, biology, engineering, and medicine, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of the complex interplay between EMR and living systems.

Biology and EMF Cover



Pioneering Researchers in Biological EMR: Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp and Dr. Andrew Marino

Two of the most influential researchers in biological EMR are Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp, a German biophysicist best known for his groundbreaking research on biophoton emission – the phenomenon of living organisms emitting extremely weak light in the form of photons – and Dr. Andrew Marino, an American biophysicist recognized for his work in exploring the biological effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and their potential implications for human health. Popp’s work has helped to advance our understanding of the role of biophotons in cellular communication and external environmental communication, as well as their potential applications in various fields, including medicine, agriculture, and environmental science. Conversely, Marino has focused on the potential risks associated with exposure to technical EMR, advocating for better understanding and regulation of EMFs in the interest of public health.

To better understand the distinctions between technical and biological EMR, we can examine some of the key aspects of these types of radiation:

1. Frequency and Wavelength: Technical EMRs often have a fixed or narrow range of frequencies and wavelengths, depending on the specific application. For example, Wi-Fi routers typically operate at 2.4 or 5 GHz, while mobile phones use various frequency bands depending on the network and region. In contrast, biological EMRs can span multiple frequencies and wavelengths, reflecting the diverse processes and interactions occurring in living organisms. Biophoton emission, for instance, can cover a broad spectrum of wavelengths, from ultraviolet to infrared.

2. Intensity and Power: Technical EMRs can have much higher intensities and power levels than biological EMRs, depending on the distance from the source and the specific application. For example, a mobile phone held close to the head can produce EMR with power densities several orders of magnitude higher than the EMR emitted by the human brain during regular activity. Biophoton emission from living organisms is typically extremely weak, with several orders of magnitude lower intensities than at technical EMR sources.

As Dr. Marino points out in his book “Electromagnetism & Life,” the intensity of technical EMR can have significant biological effects, even at relatively low levels. For example, he notes that “the intensity of the electric field from a power line can be 100 million times weaker than the field produced by the heart, yet it can still have significant biological effects.” This highlights the importance of understanding the potential impacts of technical EMR on human health and developing strategies to minimize exposure and reduce risks.

3. Coherence and Directionality: The coherence of technical EMR can vary depending on the specific application and technology used. Some technical EMRs, such as laser light, are highly coherent, meaning the waves are in phase and have a well-defined direction. This coherence can be necessary for applications like communication and imaging, where the EMR needs to carry information or focus on specific targets. In contrast, biological EMR, including biophoton emission, can exhibit varying degrees of coherence, ranging from highly coherent to more random and less coherent, reflecting the complex and adaptive nature of living systems.

As Dr. Popp notes in a 2000 review article, “Mechanism of interaction between electromagnetic fields and living systems,” the coherence of biological EMR, including biophoton emission, can play a crucial role in various biological processes, such as cell-to-cell communication and the regulation of cellular activities. Additionally, the varying degrees of coherence observed in biological EMR may provide insights into the health and functioning of living organisms’ potential targets for therapeutic interventions.

4. Polarization: The polarization of EMR refers to the orientation of the electric field component of the electromagnetic wave. Depending on the specific technology and application, technical EMR sources can produce either linearly polarized, circularly polarized, or unpolarized radiation. In contrast, biological EMR, including biophoton emission, can exhibit varying degrees of polarization, which may affect how living organisms interact with and respond to their electromagnetic environment.

Dr. Marino’s work has highlighted the importance of considering the polarization of EMR when studying its biological effects. In a 1977 review article, “Biological effects of extremely low-frequency electric and magnetic fields,” Marino and his co-author Robert O. Becker emphasize that the polarization of EMR can have significant impacts on living organisms, with some studies suggesting that circularly polarized EMR may be more biologically active than linearly polarized EMR. This underscores the need for further research into the role of polarization in the interaction between EMR and living systems.

5. Adaptive Dynamism of Biological Systems: Living organisms are characterized by their ability to adapt and respond to environmental changes, including fluctuations in electromagnetic fields. This adaptive dynamism is reflected in the properties of biological EMR, which can change in response to various factors, such as physiological states, environmental stimuli, or interactions with other organisms. This dynamic nature of biological EMR contrasts with the more static and controlled properties of technical EMR, which are typically designed for specific purposes and conditions.

In their 1999 review article, “Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: Health effects and research needs,” Marino and his co-author Michael H. Repacholi discuss the adaptive responses of living organisms to changes in EMFs and highlight the importance of understanding these responses to assess better the potential health risks associated with exposure to technical EMR. They note that “the ability of living systems to adapt to EMFs is a key factor in determining the potential health effects of exposure” and call for further research into the mechanisms underlying these adaptive processes.

6. Functions of Biological EMR in Cellular and Environmental Communication: An emerging area of research is the study of the potential functions of biological EMR, including biophoton emission, in cellular communication and external environmental communication. Biophotons may play a role in multiple cellular processes, such as the regulation of gene expression, cell growth, differentiation, and information transmission between cells. Additionally, biophoton emission may also serve as a means for organisms to communicate with and respond to their external environment, allowing them to adapt and respond to changes in electromagnetic fields, light conditions, or the presence of other organisms.

Implications for Human Health, Agriculture, and Environmental Science

Dr. Popp’s work on biophoton emission has been instrumental in advancing our understanding of these potential functions of biological EMR and their implications for various fields, including medicine, agriculture, and environmental science. For example, in a 2005 multi-author review article, “Biophoton emission,” Popp and his co-authors highlight the potential applications of biophoton research in areas such as cancer diagnosis and therapy, plant growth regulation, and environmental monitoring, among others.

Conclusion: The Importance of Understanding EMR in Living Systems

In conclusion, while technical and biological EMRs share some similarities, significant differences exist in their properties, effects, and implications for human health and the environment. As our reliance on technology grows, so does our exposure to technical EMR, making it increasingly important to understand the potential risks and develop strategies to minimize them. At the same time, further research into the complex and fascinating world of biological EMR, including biophoton emission, could yield new insights into the fundamental processes of life and potentially lead to novel therapies and treatments for a range of health conditions, as well as innovative applications in agriculture, environmental science, and other fields.

The work of researchers like Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp and Dr. Andrew Marino has been instrumental in advancing our understanding of these distinctions and their implications for human health and the environment, and their continued efforts, along with those of countless other researchers around the world, will be crucial in furthering our knowledge in this rapidly evolving field. By building upon the foundations laid by pioneering scientists like Popp and Marino, we can hope to develop a more comprehensive understanding of the interplay between EMRs and living systems, paving the way for discoveries, applications, and innovations that can improve human health and well-being, protect our environment, and enhance our understanding of the world around us.


– Popp, F. A., & Chang, J. J. (2000). Mechanism of interaction between electromagnetic fields and living systems. Science in China Series C: Life Sciences, 43(5), 507-518.
– Popp, F. A., Gurwitsch, A. A., Inaba, H., Slawinski, J., Cilento, G., Van Wijk, R., … & Voeikov, V. L. (2005). Biophoton emission. Multi-author review. Cellular and Molecular Biology, 51(4), 339-462.
– Marino, A. A., & Becker, R. O. (1977). Biological effects of extremely low-frequency electric and magnetic fields: A review. Physiological Chemistry and Physics, 9(2), 131-147.
– Repacholi, M. H., & Greenebaum, B. (1999). Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: Health effects and research needs. Bioelectromagnetics, 20(3), 133-160.
– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (2019). Electric & Magnetic Fields.
– Marino, A. A. (1988). Electromagnetism & Life. State University of New York Press.
– Popp, F. A. (2000). Mechanism of interaction between electromagnetic fields and living systems. Science in China Series C: Life Sciences, 43(5), 507-518.
– Marino, A. A., & Repacholi, M. H. (1999). Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: Health effects and research needs. Bioelectromagnetics, 20(3), 133-160.




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by ivan roca


Bioqr™ is bioenergy-assisted immune treatment. A therapist uses his own bio-electromagnetic field to stimulate the patient’s immune system in a nonspecific and specific way. The stimulated immune system responds and “heals” the patient.

Bioqr™ therapy is a bioenergy treatment first developed in Eastern-Europe in the late 1960s as a modern, secular approach to traditional hands-on healing methods with biological and physical reasoning. Later, the method crossed Eastern-Europe to ex-Yugoslavia in the late 1970s’ where it has merged with similar methodologies and has been researched and applied as a complementary medical intervention. The founder of Biotherapy Asia, Ivan Roca, adapted these methodologies and cleared it from the folklore and unnecessary procedures, techniques, and philosophies. Bioqr™ method is a purely medical, highly structured bioenergy system that can be easily applied in a clinical or non-formal environment. The name of the method is Bioqr™ – Human Bioenergy Therapy.

Bioenergy is the energy dynamic observed within living organisms. Also, it is a scientific name that tries to encompass a very broad interdisciplinary area of research into the energy of a living organism. “Bios” is an Ancient Greek word meaning life, and energy is another Ancient Greek word, meaning activity, but here it signifies potential and possibility. Bioenergy has nothing to do with concepts like bioplasma, Chi, Qi, Ki, Prana, Universal energy, Life energy or Orgon.

Yes, with an electromyography device (EMG).

EMG is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph to produce a record called an electromyogram. An electromyograph detects the electric potential generated by muscle cells when these cells are electrically or neurologically activated.

No. The therapy is successful even if a person does not believe in the biological effect of the immune system stimulation with the human bioenergy field, which is a result of ignorance and a lack of information.

The body response does not depend on our beliefs. It is an automatic and autonomic biological process.

A Bioqr™ therapist uses different hand positions and movements in combination with muscular tension and/or relaxation to stimulate the recipient’s immune system for his/her specific medical condition. Human endogenous bio-electromagnetic radiation interferes with the bioenergy processes of a diseased person to alter the metabolism and cause a body shock response that triggers the immune system activation in a specific and non-specific way.
Every movement has a different energetic signature so that the biotherapist can trigger an immune response in different tissues for different purposes. Immune response due to a “shock” to maintain homeostasis (check danger model of the immune system from Dr. Polly Matzinger), stimulates natural defenses.

A therapist uses muscular tension and relaxation to consciously send bioelectrical signaling (active potentials) of a higher or lower electromagnetic radiation intensity into the area of the hands. Propagation of the action potentials in the nerves and muscles produces a bio-electromagnetic field that radiates outside of the human body.

All the ‘manipulation’ processes occur automatically which is a completely natural process that is constantly taking place, but most of the time we are not aware of it. Bioenergy therapy is the application of natural energy processes and laws for awakening your own immune defenses, which due to a disharmonious way of life or due to some other factors (genetics, environment, etc.) become weakened or stop functioning entirely.

Learn HERE more.

Bioenergetics is the part of biochemistry concerned with the energy involved in making and breaking of chemical bonds in the molecules found in biological organisms. It can also be defined as the study of energy relationships and energy transformations and transductions in living organisms. The ability to harness energy from a variety of metabolic pathways is a property of all living organisms. Growth, development, anabolism, and catabolism are some of the central processes in the study of biological organisms because the role of energy is fundamental to such biological processes. Life is dependent on energy transformations; living organisms survive because of the exchange of energy between living tissues/ cells and the outside environment.

The essence of the biofield perspective is that a variety of endogenously generated electromagnetic and other fields act within and between multiple levels of biology, from molecular and cellular, through tissues and whole organisms to affect our personal and perhaps even our interpersonal functioning. The human body is a biofield.

Biofield science is an emerging field of study that aims to provide a scientific foundation for understanding the complex homeodynamic regulation of living systems. By furthering our scientific knowledge of the biofield, we arrive at a better understanding of the foundations of biology as well as the phenomena that have been described as “energy medicine.”
Biotherapy is biofield therapy.

Yes, bioenergy/energy therapy is nowadays practiced throughout the world and is called biofield therapy. New approaches in scientific research are slowly revealing the possible mechanism of bioenergy therapy. Many hospitals and medical centers are slowly starting to integrate bioenergy therapy to complement and support conventional medicine.


No, Bioqr™ therapy is complementary and supplementary to all other medical and ‘alternative’ therapies, even though, in many cases, it is much more successful and efficient. After therapy, you should not discontinue the medication or other treatments or medical procedures prescribed by your doctor. Only a biomedical check-up can confirm improvement and make further decisions in conjunction with the patient about continuing or discontinuing conventional medical treatment.

With groups of people, energy potentials multiply and “share” automatically. When in a group, it is easier to observe improvement during the therapy itself. It is also easier to exchange experiences. Group dynamics are an essential part of the subconscious work.

No! A natural energy process cannot be harmful in itself. Biotherapy is a noninvasive treatment without side-effects.

Yes, a diagnosis is necessary from a doctor. We do not diagnose.

No special preparation is needed. It is advisable to come at least 15 minutes before the beginning of therapy. It is desirable to free yourself from as many commitments as possible during the therapy days. Strong reactions during therapy are possible which can interfere with our everyday activities. It can be detrimental to the therapy if we are forced to rush off somewhere, or if we are not totally committed to the therapeutic process. Therapy cannot be beneficial if we are feeling pressured.

Depending on the individual, what is felt ranges from very powerful sensations to no sensation at all. Some people feel a tingling, burning or prickling sensation, coldness, draft, pressure, momentary relief, fatigue or drowsiness, uncontrollable laughter or crying, a floating sensation in the extremities, body movement, dizziness or vertigo. Whether or not a patient feels something during therapy, is not an indication of the success of the therapy, because everybody is unique and therefore they react in unique ways.

No, only a medical specialist can decide about discontinuing the medication. 

After 15 to 30 days, depending on the condition treated, one can expect results that can be objectively measured by means of clinical medicine. Sometimes in the first 15 days after therapy symptoms increase, or a sudden deterioration occurs, which is a crisis that signifies a strong bodily reaction to the intensified activities of a regenerated immune system.

Therapy can be repeated in consultation with a therapist and in accordance with other therapeutic forms that are applied.

Yes, but it is important for the patient to personally commit to the decision to stop drug or alcohol misuse.

All diseases can be treated successfully. With some diseases, the objective success will be complete recovery, while with others, symptoms of the disease will be alleviated, or the result will be greater independence for the patient or arrest the development of the disease, depending on a number of factors that are not directly related to Bioqr™ therapy. We don’t treat medical conditions with psychosis or contagious diseases.

Yes, except schizophrenia and other mental diseases with psychosis. Patients with mental diseases must be accompanied.

With genetic diseases, we can only maintain symptoms with treatments on a monthly or a bi-monthly basis.

Yes, children of any age can be treated.

Yes. If the patient is vulnerable or being cared for by somebody else, then they will need to be accompanied.

Yes, it is possible for educational or research purposes and if you accompany someone else for some objective medical reason.

There is no price enforced for the therapy. At the end of the therapy session, an anonymous donation is made to the therapist.


Bioqr™ therapy is not based around the traditional concepts of the Life Force or Life energy like Qi or Prana. These concepts belong to Vitalism which was dropped in biology almost 100 years ago. Traditional concepts of the Life Force don’t have any scientific evidence to support its existence. Also, modern biophysics, biology, biochemistry, bioinformatics, and genetics operate in a realm of the modern understanding of the world which is evidence-based knowledge. Qi, Prana, Pneuma and Life Force are spiritual concepts that are not biological or physical. The etymology of the words Qi, Prana, and Spirit is the same, the breath. 

No, we are based on a very modern approach to bioenergy therapy. Chakras and Auras don’t exist in a biological realm. They are only interesting mental concepts developed as a part of the New Age movement. To put it in a simple way, there is no Chakra and Aura as physical entities. They are just concepts.

Nothing in the classical sense where the healer is considered to be more spiritual than others. Medicine is a science of the mind, body and social well-being. Spirituality is a concept of the world that has many different faces and understandings. Medicine and spirituality are two completely different subjects. In some special cases, spiritual thinking can be beneficial for the patients, for example in hospice, pain management, palliative care, psychological work, etc.

No, this is a misconception that has roots in spiritism and animism. Energy is not bad or good. Energy is benevolent. Sometimes people use the word “energy” to express emotional states which are purely subjective and have nothing to do with term energy in modern physics.

Nothing, it is another misconception where a few psychological phenomena were thought to be the sixth sense. Unfortunately, humans don’t have magneto-receptors and electro-receptors beyond 5 senses which are developed due to our evolutionary needs to protect and survive.

No, anyone can do energy therapy. Healing is not a supernatural ‘special power’ that somebody possesses, but an application of knowledge and skills.